Jama Mosque also sometimes referred to as Jami Masjid or Bari Masjid is a 15th-century mosque in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh,India. It is one of the chief tourist attractions in Jaunpur, India. The mosque is 2.2 km north-northeast of Jaunpur and 7.3 km northwest of Zafarabad.
The Jama Masjid, Jaunpur was built in 1470, under the last ruler of the Sharqi dynasty, Hussain Shah.According to the historians and other experts, the Jami Masjid, Jaunpur, bears a great deal of resemblance with mosques that were built during the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq of the Tughlaq Dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.
Under Sharqi rule, architecture developed under a provincial influence that resulted in an Indo-Islamic style noted for its characteristic arched pylons in the centre of the facades, two storey arcades, monumental gateways and the unifying use of the depressed four-cantered arch with a fringe of ornament.The Sharqi architecture of Jaunpur carries a distinct impact ofTughlaq style, the battering effect of its bastions and minarets and the use of arch-and-beam combination in the openings being the two most prominent features. However, the most striking feature of the Jaunpur style is the design of the facade of mosques. It is composed of lofty propylons with sloping sides raised in the centre of the sanctuary screen. The propylons consist of huge recessed arch framed by tapering square minars, of exceptional bulk and solidity, divided into registers. Evidently, the propylon was the key note of this style and occurs in no other manifestation of Indo-Islamic architecture.
He magnificent appearance of Jama Masjid at Jaunpur is heightened by a number of factors. The entire structure of Jami Masjid, Jaunpur stands on a plinth that is six meters high. The double-arched, pylon-shaped gate at the entrance presents a majestic sight. The long steps leading to the front gate are also good to view. The main portal lies in the focal point of the facade and stands about 26 meters tall and measures nearly 24 meters at the base. This was again a characteristic feature of the mosques built by the Sharqis.
The feature which can be exclusively traced in Jami Masjid, Jaunpur is a massive rectangular hall meant for prayers. This hall is flanked by tunnel vaults on its sides and is covered by a dome, measuring 11.4 meters in diameter. There are small windows in the dome that allow sunlight to enter into the interior of the Jami Masjid, Jaunpur, thus creating a splendid sight.
Another attribute of Jama Masjid at Jaunpur, which the other holy places in Jaunpur will find hard to match, are the gorgeous decorations that are visible on the walls on the interior and the exterior portions. The bracket and beam construction style is unique in itself.
One of the most common tourist attractions, Jama Mosque continues to capture the attention of tourists and devout Muslims across India.